Evidence and Research Reviews

Evidence reviews are summaries of research studies that have examined how well treatments work.

Evidence reviews can help you and your patients understand and predict the benefits that can be expected from a particular treatment.

The following evidence reviews have been developed by the TAC and WorkSafe TAC Evidence Service, a service provided by the Institute for Safety Compensation and Recovery Research (ISCRR) based at Monash University.

Evidence reviews must be objective, and not influenced by parties with vested interests. The Evidence Service uses independent reviewers who have full editorial control of the reviews.

TAC uses evidence reviews in its policy development and as a guide in decision making.

TAC has also partnered with PEDro, the Physiotherapy Evidence Database. PEDro is a free database of randomised trials, systematic reviews and clinical practice guidelines in physiotherapy.  


Implantable pain therapies

These include:

Intrathecal infusions include:

  • Opiates (opioids, narcotics)
  • Baclofen
  • Ziconotide

Neurostimulation includes:

  • Spinal cord stimulation
  • Subcutaneous electrical stimulation
  • Peripheral nerve stimulation
  • Motor cortex stimulation
  • Deep brain stimulation

Carpal tunnel release in acute injuries


Spinal injection therapies

These include:


Non-established, new or experimental treatment (NeNETS) 

Radiofrequency Denervation

Sedatives (Benzodiazepines) for anxiety

Lokomat for Spinal Cord Injury


Lumbar Spinal Fusion

Lumbar Spinal Fusion

Evidence Reviews