Standard Outcome Measures

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What are standardised outcome measures?

Standardised measures are tools to measure different aspects of an injured person. These include pain, function, mental state, return to work and so on. They enable health professionals to engage more in the recovery, rehabilitation and return to work of a person injured in a transport accident.

Who uses standardised outcome measures?

It is expected that all health professionals providing services to a person injured in a transport accident will routinely use standardised measures every 4 to 12 weeks to monitor their treatment. It is important that measurement starts as early as possible to capture early change.

Download the treatment goals and standardised outcome measures chart for an example of how to record your outcome measures.

Goal setting

Measures are closely linked to goal setting. Whether starting medication or therapy, it should be clear to both the treater and the injured person what is expected.  SMART goals are the gold standard in goal setting, meaning Specific, Measureable, Achievable, Relevant, Timed.

Outcome measures

The following measures may be used to assist in clinical practice. Health professionals are expected to decide which measures are appropriate for their patient.  It is often best to use more than one measure.

Outcome measures are grouped according to their primary focus. Only commonly used measures without copyright restrictions are included here. Where measures are available in another language, the link is included.

Measures to design patient specific treatment

Identifying barriers to progress

Predicting response to treatment

Overall function

Feedback on treatment


Upper limb function

Lower limb function

Neck function

Back function

Headache and function

Mental health assessment and treatment

Prosthetic assessment and review

Neurological conditions

Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)

Other useful resources:

Spinal Cord Injury (SCI)

Other useful resources:

Cardiorespiratory function

Selecting and interpreting common measures

These guides provide a summary of some of the common measures for people with orthopaedic conditions and adult traumatic brain injuries. Information regarding the selection, scoring and interpretation of measures are included in an easy to use table format.

Other non-English measures